Melnik sandstone pyramids

Melnik sandstone pyramids

Melnik sandstone pyramids

Pyramids of Melnik were proclaimed the natural place of interest in 1960. And they are really unique. It’s a natural formation which attracts tourists from all over the world. It is considered that such pyramids were formed because of the soil erosion.

The Pyramids of Melnik are in process of their formation and their form is changing in the course of time. Besides pyramidal form the formations have the form of cones, needles, mushrooms and others. The height of the pyramids is up to 100 m. It is typical of them that their slones are sandy, sometimes absolutely vertical, and there are grasses and plants growing on the top.

The pyramids were formed 4-5 millions of years ago in today’s Sandanski-Petrich valley, where there was a vast shallow lake. Clay and sand materials were deposited on its bed. Later on, with the rise of the Pirin Mountains, Belasitsa and Ograzhden, the lake waters drained to the south. Rock materials, brought downwards from rivers and springs, were deposited in the dried valley. On the lake sand sediments was formed around 500-600-meter thick deposit cover of welded redish conglomerates. In these rock masses the temporally flowing waters dug deep ditches and ravines and formed various figures – today’s Melnik Pyramids

Of particular interest are the pyramids in the vicinity of Karlanovo, in the Blagoevgrad region. These obelisks are 100 meters high, with sheer, unassailable cliff faces that are covered with tufts of grass.

To the south of the village Rozhen there are large and small stone mushrooms that also attract tourists.

The pyramids can be reached by well-marked eco-trail from town of Melnik or from Rozhen monastery. Apart the “rock pyramids”, in the region can be seen many other interesting rock formations such as “stone mushroom”,”rock needles”,”cones” and others. Melnik pyramids were declared a natural monument in Bulgaria in 1960.

 

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